Kaadha – Immunity Booster

With the deadly Corona virus pandemic rampaging across the world and with no cure or vaccine in sight, the only way is to hope that our body’s immune system is strong enough to fight it back. Indian traditional home medicine has a range of recipes for boosting our immune system with ordinary ingredients/spices, that can be easily mixed and made at home. Kaadha is one of them. There are multiple variations of it, made across India. Here are two. The first one is from the YogiChef (Didi Anuprabha) who drinks this potent concoction in remote and beautiful New Zealand, to stay fit and flu-free all year around, especially during winter. The 2nd one is from Pratyush who learnt from the YogiChef and made some modifications to the process and added in some more ingredients. The former is a quick and easy method and the latter is a bit drawn out. Both are strong immunity boosters that should give you a fighting chance of defeating this pesky virus if and when it comes. Drink it 3-4 times per week, while self-isolating and even when you have no symptoms. But please do consult a doctor if you actually catch the virus.

YOGICHEF’s Version

Hello Everyone. Hope you all are doing well at home and taking care of yourself and others in this virus crisis. I know everyone must be drinking something to boost your immunity . I thought to share what I drink here… 🙂

Ingredients (for 2 cups)

Essential: Water (2-1/2 cups), Ginger – small piece (about the size of a thumb), Black Pepper powder (1/2 teaspoon), Turmeric powder (1/2 teaspoon, if you have raw turmeric, then crush a little piece), Honey (1 teaspoon, optional if you have diabetes)

Optional: Tulsi Leaves (Holy basil – 5-6 leaves), Cumin seeds (1/2 teaspoon)

How to make

Keep a saucepan/pan on the stove. Put water. Crush the ginger and put into in the water. Boil it for 3 to 4 minutes. Then add turmeric, cumin seeds, tulsi leaves, black pepper powder, mix it and boil it for a few more minutes. Switch off the gas. Keep it to cool down for 3 to 4 minutes. Then strain and your Kaadha is ready to drink. It’s always good not to drink too hot. If you want you can add little honey on top to  taste.  I’ll suggest to drink at least 3-4 days a week to boost your immune system.

That is my kaadha, most of the time I drink in Dunedin in winter. The only difference is I put molasses or honey to sweeten. But sometimes it is good to drink without sweet 🙂 Stay at home and take care

PRATYUSH’s Version

Ingredients (for 2 cups)

Essential: Water (2-1/2 cups), Ginger – small piece (about the size of a thumb), Black Pepper whole (1 teaspoon), Turmeric powder (1/4 teaspoon, if you have raw turmeric, then crush a little piece), Honey (1-2 teaspoons, optional if you have diabetes)

Optional: Cinnamon (1-2 long pieces), Bay Leaf (1), Cloves (3-4 pieces), Tulsi leaf (Holy basil – 5/6 leaves), Star Anise (1)

How to make

Put chopped ginger, Whole black pepper, cinnamon, bay leaf, cloves, Tulsi leaves & Star Anise into the water in a pan. Keep it as such for at least 12 hrs (or 24 hrs) so that all the essential medicinal elements from the spices slowly and thoroughly seep out into the water.

When you are ready to drink, bring the concoction above to boil, in the pan. Separately, in the cups, put 1-2 pinch of turmeric powder and 1 teaspoon of honey (raw honey better than pasteurised) in each cup. Pour the boiling concoction (through a strainer) into the cups and then stir thoroughly. Allow to cool to lukewarm temperature and then drink up.

Sometimes I make 4-6 cups and just drink 1 cup a day and let the concoction sit, as it draws out even more of the medicinal ingredients every day.

Honey has known anti-bacterial properties. It might not be effective against a virus but some hospitals are reporting that many covid patients are dying of bacterial infections that sneak in while the body is fighting on another front (the virus)

Disclaimer: The above recipes for boosting the immune system, are not cures/treatment for any disease. They are meant as a general supplement for well being of the body. Do not exceed any of the ingredients and stick to the measurements mentioned above. In case of actually catching the virus, please consult a doctor and follow all advised steps of your local government health officials

The Radio Stories

Kunmun’s Favorite Program                                By Archana Mishra


Childhood is a phase that will never come back in our life. Nowadays life is so busy and fast in this technical world. In social media, we have facebook, twitter, instagram, etc. Life has changed a lot in comparison to our times in the ’80s or ’90s. In our time when I was a kid in ’80s and ’90s, we had only one thing that was entertaining and that was the ‘Radio’.  Then later came the ‘Television’.Though we have progressed a lot but still somewhere, sometime I miss those moments that I enjoyed as a child.

In our family, we were four sisters, Nana (father), Bou (mother), and most of the time Aae (grandmother from mother’s side) was staying with us. And Aja (grandfather from mother side) was also visiting our place. In the afternoon, when we saw the postman at our door, all four of us sisters would run to see whose letter it was… and during new year times, whose greeting card was it…it was so exciting! Drawing and painting were my prominent hobbies and New Year’s was the time those hobbies were fulfilled to the maximum. I was making many different kinds of greeting cards for my friends and relatives on the eve of the new year. In my pictures, flowers, trees, mountains, rivers, birds and houses were common. I remember a few times I made drawing of radio or TV  in a greeting card. The happiness that time I got…was inexpressible.. It was as if, these are everything …the life of a child.

All of us in our family used to wake up before 5am every day without fail. At sharp 5am, Nana would blow the conch and we four sisters would run to this specific room where we all sat together and sang bhajans and kiirtan (given by our Master Shrii Shrii Anandamurtijii, the founder of Ananda Marga ,a socio-spiritual organization). As soon as I got a chance after that I would run to bed to get some more sleep but unfortunately it was not possible as there would be a call from Nana from the other room, “ପିଲେ ମାନେ କଣ କରୁଛ? ବହି ବାହାର କରି ପଢା ଆରମ୍ଭ କର.”. And that was the end of all the planning to go for a second round sleep…sigh!

Today as I am thinking about the Radio and how our life revolved around it, all these things are passing through my mind as if it was yesterday. But time flies…

Morning at 5.55am, the starting music of radio came on and everyone’s day started. I think it was the time when the sound of “Vande mataram, sujalam suphalam….”  was buzzing all over the city and villages everywhere. Farmers went to their farmlands to work, women started their housework, etc. After Vande Mataram, a voice would come on and announce, “Akash vanii Cuttack, Arambha karuchu ajira karjyakrama…..”, the program schedule. Everyday programs included  Pani paga suchana, Bhakti Samgiita,Aji ra Anucinta, Krushi suchana, Odia, Hindi and English news, Loka Giita, Nataka, Odia and Hindi film songs etc..

Out of all the programs, my favourite was bhakti samgiita. Still, it is my all time favourite. And Bhikari Bala was my favourite singer. Few bhajans of Bhikari Bala, I cannever forget in my life like Jagabandhu he gosayin….,Sathiye pauthi .. Kotha bhoga khia ..and many more…His voice always brought tears in my eyes. Very touching and sung from the heart. It was a voice full of devotion.

I also remember another voice who was reading odia sambada. His name most probably was Upendra Kumar Pahadsingh.  Can’t think of any more names.

 I remember we had a cow whose name was  ‘Kunmun’.  She was like our sister and a member of our family  🙂 Many times we went to her and talked with her.  Morning 6 – 7 am was the time, Bou used to be with her. For cleaning, feeding and then taking milk and all.. (ଗାଈ ଦୁହିଁବା). Once the bhakti samgiita program started everyone wanted to hear. Even our Kunmun! So the volume was on high always so that Nana in garden and Bou and Kunmun in the backyard, all of them could hear. Among other singers in’80s and ’90s were Shantilata  Barik, Shyamamani Devi, SubashDas,  Citta Jena, Pranab Pattnaik , who were also very famous Odia singers. These are some names who will be in my mind forever along with Bhikari Bala .. and I am sure songs of those days were golden songs and many like me must be big fans of those old songs.

 I had a diary where I was writing bhajans and other film songs, both odia and hindi. While I was writing, I used to miss many of the words, the first time. So I was waiting for the song for the next time to come so that I could fill in the blanks…so while singing program was on, it maybe bhakti samgiita or movie songs, I always came and sat near the radio with my diary and pen.

One more interesting anecdote. Once there was a competition which was announced in radio about writing a Hindi poem.  There was a topic and you have to write few lines about it and send it with your name and age. If you are selected then you will get some prize and your name will be announced in the radio. In school, Hindi was one of my subjects. I thought I can write easily and get a prize. So I wrote and bought an envelope and mailed it in. I can’t express how excited I was, imagining that my name would surely be called and eagerly waited for the day. Finally, the day came when the names of winners were announced and my name didn’t come out. I was so sad. As every innocent child, I was thinking, “ମୁ ତ ଏତେ ସୁନ୍ଦର ଲେଖି ଥିଲି, ମତେ prize ମିଳିଲା ନାହିଁ କି ମୋ ନା ପଢିଲେ ନାହିଁ ”. Ended up crying for a few days   :))

 At the time of Krusi Suchana, ନନାଙ୍କ ର ଚା time. ଆଖି ବନ୍ଦ କରି ଚୁପ ଚାପ ଚା ପିୟନ୍ତି ଏବଂ ଶୁଣୁ ଥାନ୍ତି ..At night there was ‘Nataka time’ which was Bou’s and my elder sister’s favourite.

There was a time, Radio was everyone’s favourite. Then came Television and people enjoyed hearing and watching, both together. Though TV replaced radio  but still Radio was the most important entertaining instrument in many peoples’ life.  Time has certainly changed since then…  

The Radio Stories

Early Morning Maelstrom                           By Pratyush Pattanaik

Growing up in the water-rationed city of Bhubaneswar (there were of course the privileged few city dwellers who had overhead tanks and pretty much 24 hrs water supply, but we were certainly not among them) where we had drinking water supplied twice per day… was quite the experience. In the morning it would be for about 2-2.5 hours and then late afternoon or evenings, another burst of the life giving water for about an hour or so.

The morning supply was the most hectic time as we all in the family got up well before dawn, patiently waiting for the first sounds of water from over-night open taps to hit the iron bucket…one that made the most sound when hit with the water was preferred, lest any of us dozed off during those critical moments. Bou had neatly delegated the various water tasks between the four of us in the family…one to go full throttle on collecting as much water as possible in as many containers as present around, another to head off into the kitchen garden and the little lawn and water the thirsty greens, the third to take on the onerous duty of cleaning clothes and the fourth, to clean up all the dishes, if any. All of these activities happening simultaneously as we rushed past each other in a whirlwind that lasted 2-2.5 hours. And this is where the tale of the radio comes in…it was a medium sized silver coloured shiny ‘National Panasonic’. A treasure that needed to be wiped and kept clean and covered with a clean embroidered cloth (specially made for it by bou)…every single day.

By coincidence the timing of the morning water supply matched (towards its fag end) with the timing of the only radio programs that mattered in the family…the News in Odiya – Pani Paaga (weather forecast)- Krushi Suchana (Info for farmers)- Aji ra Anuchinta (Today’s thoughts for the Day) and last Odiya Bhakti Sangeeta Karyakrama (Odiya devotional music program)…in total lasting about 40-45 mins. The order of importance varying from News to Devotional songs to the others…Krushi Suchana of course was an unnecessary distraction that could not be avoided, so was just tolerated. Whether the paddy fields needed mono-protophos and urea or there was the latest attack of a new pest that required some unintelligible sounding pesticide applied in a specific ratio, to halt its advance…was a moot point, that I doubt, any bindaas farmer even bothered to get up so early in the morning to pay heed to.

As the activities with the water-world slowly started winding down…came the news in Odiya, the next favourite. In a short 4-5 minutes, those majestic voices, with equally majestic sounding news readers (Aapaana khabar sunuchanti…from xxx Narayan Pahad Singh!) would give a superb synopsis of the world around, the most important, the most relevant…no non-stop looping of news in those days and no hyperbole, no mind numbing expert opinions…just good old news as it should be – The FACTS and facts alone. For us school goers and the elders going to office, this was the only dose of solid news we went with to school and to work, during the day…i.e., until we all came back in the evening and gorged on further news and views on Doordarshan (on TV).

Next came the most popular program of our family…the “Aji ra Anuchinta” mostly led by the serene voiced Shankarshan Mangaraj. This would be a beautiful thought/s of the day delivered in 1-2 mins max, and would attempt to touch the soul of the listener…and give hope for a better day. Most times he sourced his little gems of thoughts from mythology and scriptures, but sometimes it could also be examples and incidents from contemporary life….As the all-too familiar opening music for this “Anuchinta” came along, invariably, a sharp loud order would shoot out from the kitchen where bou worked, to anyone in proximity to the radio…to increase the volume so everybody in the house could hear what the venerable Mr Mangaraj was saying. In between the cling-clang of pots n pans and the kachaak kachaak of clothes being beaten down in the bathroom, the soul elevating messages of Mr Mangaraj were strictly not allowed to drown out…or so the belief went. Lessons in ethics and morality were not to be squandered, doesn’t matter in what duration and timing they came.

Finally, the all popular sweet devotional music program with 5-6 mellifluous songs/jananas would come on. Legendary Odiya bhakti singers…Bhikari Bala, Sunanda Patnaik, Sikandar Alam, et al, mesmerised the air waves with their depth of feelings and lyrics. By this time the water supply had stopped and all four of us were back in the radio room, under the fan (after sweating profusely because of all the work), listening to these songs. Perfect wind down to a maelstrom of dawn time activity…as the next phase of the day began.

The Radio Stories

When it was all about a Radio                 by Elina Naik


I am sure all of us 70’s kids have a story ready to be told about that ubiquitous invention adorning our childhood home’s shelf . Days when we chose to listen rather than hear, when we walked chin up and not head down. Days before the Television transfixed  entire generations , days when old melodies and lilting tunes were hummed by young and old alike.

The days of the radio and I too have a radio story to narrate and relive..It’s not a story rather episodes streaming. Live from my memory, recorded by my neural network and now being replayed.
Whenever I think of or see a radio, my mind flashes the visage of my majestic grandfather, ” Aja”.His radio and him were like conjoined twins, inseparable. Probably the only time ,He didn’t carry it along was when he completed his ablutions  and when he was away in the fields tending his crops.
Now,  “Aja” came from a family of landlords but to me  he was a great emancipator, whom people from far and wide used to look up for advise on wordly matters. He used to hear out the woes of crop failure, pest infestation , marital discords , family feuds every morning and evening with an almost regal  equanimity. I believe he had a solution to the messiest of the situations and hence people thronged his abode. All while during such congregations , his Radio witnessed it all.Had it been able to have a voice of its own, probably his Radio would have relayed a thousand stories .
Our Biennial sojourn to my mother’s ancestral placed , ” Karanjadhia ” ( unraveling the mystery of this name is on my bucket list ) used to start with our summer vacations and end with pre -winter vacations, the extended Puja holidays culminating with “Kumara Purnima” ( a celebration of girlhood with its fair share of culinary delights, bonding over Puja and waterlilies )
The second phase of the vacations,  used to be hoary and halcyon. The sun was subdued,  a little lazy like the earthlings beneath, took some time to ruffle the misty veil till the horizon was unraveled and the paths clear to be trodded. A perfectly circular dew drop formed on the damp straw jutting out from the thatched roof, waiting to disappear with first strike of the rays. A perfect setting when you heard ” Vande Mataram ” on Akash Vani. Surreal it was , it felt as if the  words resonated from up there.
The sun streaming through wooden panes , synchronous with the voice of ” Sankarshan Mangaraj ” ( to the uninitiated he is to Odia Mythology renditions as Bhism Shahni of  Odia Radio broadcasts on AIR as Amin Sayani was to Binaca Geetmala on Radio Ceylon ) was like a sequel lullaby egging me to take that prolonged nap till the sun rays were perfectly slant to burn my cheeks. I grew up listening to the wisdom of our scriptures succinctly and lucidly composed and rendered in a perfectly crafted voice to catch the attention of a  wide eyed 10 year old.
With an early frugal breakfast of ” Mudhi Khira ” ( for the Non odias, a staple breakfast of the  Odisha country side , rice puffs soaked in cow milk, sugar / no sugar being the only choice ,  this simple food beats the odds of any ostentatious breakfast spread anywhere in the world  ) , Aja would start his day , parting ways till lunch time with his beloved Radio.
At lunch time, he would return from.his wordly affairs to have a sumptuous lunch and the famed Odia aftenoon siesta, with the afternoon news and Vivid Bharti to keep him company. Lazy afternoons , we are talking of times when elders goaded you to take a rejuvenating  nap and not run amock climbing trees and stealing amlas, oranges, sweet limes from the neighbours orchard. The thrill of doing this even if you had fruit laden trees in your own backyard was exhilarating.
The Radio found its place in a room , but obviously called the ” Radio Ghara ” ( Ghara.. meaning house or room ) , mind it no one was allowed to touch it other than him, probably forbidden as it had the charm to distract one from the daily chores , which was meticulously planned for each family member. Now I know where I got my first lessons in Organisation Structure and hierarchical delegation of responsibilities from !
Unconscious or Covert Learning , you may say.
Evenings were when the Radio was the undisputed Hero.
With the waxing and waning of the moon and the night call of the owl from atop the palm trees and only the glimmer of the kerosene lantern as company , we all huddled round the Radio to listen to Old and New Hindi movie songs . The show,.” Jaymala ”  still continues to be aired , dedicated to the soldiers of our country guarding the frontiers..
As the wisps of the earthen chulha escaped into the night sky and the woody smell of firewood and heady aroma of simmering fish curry played with my senses, we ( ok..just for reference I had a motley gang of Uncles and Aunts, my mother’s cousins and siblings , age group no bar…) hummed along  in our coming of age crackling voices whilst intermittently  trying to keep focus on the algebraic equations and English lessons.
I bet none of you would have had such an inspiring study environment !!.
So till dinner was served we regaled in playful banter and stories and most precious of all, got a few moments of sharing our views on current affairs with Aja who invariably presided over these gamely proceedings. It was difficult juggling the emotions of not hurting your seniors and trying to catch the attention of the presiding stalwart , “Aja ” with witty remarks and mature opinions..
Those evenings forever remain etched in my memory , when conversations were struck and ice was broken around the masterpiece
, ” The Radio “..
May be you have your own Radio Story , would love to listen to it.
Till I garnish this tale with many more anecdotes, tune in to your Radio sets or the memories of it..
… Inspired to write after watching an episode of ” #LittleThings”.

Rocking Bread Rolls


Bread –  10 slices (White bread)
Potatoes –  3/4 medium size
Mixed veggies – 500 gms ( Here I have taken frozen mixed veggies of carrots, peas, beans, beet)
Oil to fry
Coriander powder – 1 tsp
Turmeric powder – 1 tsp
Roasted Cumin powder -1  tsp
Asafoetida (Hing) – one pinch
Cumin – 1 tsp
Fresh green chili
How to make
Boil the potatoes. Peel and mash with a potato masher. Keep aside.
Take a pan, put little oil and when it is hot, put some cumin, green chili and hing
Wash and put the mixed veggies. Add salt, stir it and cover for few minutes. After 2/3 minutes add turmeric powder, coriander powder and roasted cumin powder. Now add the mashed potatoes, stir it and cover it for a couple of minutes more. When it is ready switch off the gas, put aside and let it cool down. Make 10 balls out of it. . Our stuffing is ready…
Keep a pan on the gas with oil to deep fry the bread rolls.
Now cut the sides of the slices of bread with a knife nicely. Keep a bowl of normal water. Dip a bread in the water slowly and press nicely with both palms to take out the extra water from it. Don’t soak for longer. Now bring one ball which you have kept ready earlier and put it on the bread and close it nicely with your palm.
You can give an oval shape or round shape whichever you like. Like this, ready all the bread rolls with the potato and veggie stuffing.
Now oil should be ready to fry. Put the bread rolls into the oil, one by one. Deep fry until golden brown, in medium heat. If you want more crunchy you can fry a little more.
Now your bread roll is ready to eat. Serve piping hot bread rolls with coriander chutney, tamarind chutney or tomato sauce to make your bread rolls more tasty…      ☺

A Brief History of D.M.School, Bhubaneswar

Author – Sri Gopinath Dash (Former Teacher, D.M.School, Bhubaneswar)

After the dawn of independence the system of education which we inherited had hardly any relevance to the needs of the life situation, then prevailing in our country. The educational system continued to drift away from the realities of life.

The colonial government had to run a ‘Police State’ and they achieved this objective by producing stiff -necked sahibs (lower level officials) and armies of clerks (babus) to run their government.

Luckily, the country has designed and accepted a replacement for this outmoded system and usher in a ‘welfare state’ where justice-social, economic and political – would be provided to every son of the soil. Such high and lofty ideals pre-suppose a very much pre-calculated and ideal type of educational system.

To transform ‘Police State’ into ‘Welfare State’ with democratic traditions several Education Commissions were constituted.

Right from Wood’s Despatch (1854) report the British government established M.E. (Middle English) and H.E. (High English) schools with stress on English Education. It is a blessing in disguise. It united the people of all the regions during struggle for Indian independence. Gradually, the H.E. schools were converted as High schools.

The Secondary Education Commission chaired by Dr. A.L. Mudaliar (1952) recommended change in curriculum and conversion of the existing High Schools into the Multi Purpose Higher Secondary Schools. The Central Advisory Board of Education accepted the recommendations in 1954.

Every scheme of education is essentially a practical philosophy and it is co-related to life. A system of education aimed at transformation of a heterogeneous section of mankind into a homogeneous nation.

The new curriculum does not mean only the academic subjects traditionally taught in schools, but it includes totality of  experiences that a pupil receives in the classroom, library, laboratory, workshop and play ground.

The Demonstration Multipurpose Higher Secondary School (popularly known as D.M.School) was established in mid-1964 as a laboratory school of Regional College of Education (at present Regional Institute of Education). R.C.E., Bhubaneswar took birth on 5th August 1963 (The 54th Foundation Day of the Institute was celebrated this year at the College Auditorium). There are three more laboratory schools in our country; i.e. at Ajmer (northern region), Mysuru (southern region) and Bhopal (western region). Besides four R.I.E.s and it’s attached D.M.Schools a fifth R.I.E was added to it’s strength at Shillong (North-East region). All these R.I.E.s are constituent units of NCERT, a wing of H.R.D. Ministry, Government of India. NCERT with its head quarters at Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi was established on 1st September 1961 (the 57th Foundation Day of NCERT – celebrated in September this year.

The D.M. School, Bhubaneswar was originally conceived and setup as a pace setting, catalytic centre of catering education for the integrated development of the child’s personality. It will demonstrate in concrete terms the concept of the multi purpose school and it’s implementation. This premier school had at that time a class apart, only one of its kind in the entire eastern region of India. It was first English medium public school in Bhubaneswar. There were only two other private English medium schools run by Christian missionaries.

Both R.I.E and its attached D.M.Schools were established at the capital city of Odisha by the initiative and determined efforts of the then Chief Minister of Odisha, Mr. Biju Pattnaik who is the father of the present Chief Minister, Odisha.

Various changes taking place in education system from time to time. The D.M.School, Bhubaneswar is pioneer in adopting and modifying their work and activities in line with the changes in the National policy of Education. The teachers of the school made positive contributions in molding the school.

The D.M.School, Bhubaneswar is affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education (C.B.S.E). It is a co-educational school. It is engaged in identification, analysis, research and development in major problem areas of school education and mostly serving as a major centre of training and curriculum development.

In the academic session 1964-65 it had VI, VII, VIII and IXth classes. In VI, VII and VIIIth standards there were both Odia and English medium sections. But in Class IX there was only English medium. From the very beginning one Odia medium section was introduced to help talented students from local Odia medium schools to get admission in D.M.School. The school serves the neighboring community by providing ample schooling facilities to their children.

In its humble beginning the school has to content it self with a modest strength of staff and students. As per the provisions in Demonstration Multipurpose Higher Secondary School – Plan and courses of study, the members of school staff will be considered part of the total college faculty and the vice versa. Prof. R.C.Das, Prof. Bikram Das and Prof. Gouri Rani Ghosh were taking classes in D.M.School, Bhubaneswar teaching Physics, English and Botany classes respectively.

The D.M.S. Plan and Courses of study provides that – The School will be administered by Headmaster under authority of Principal, R.I.E.

There will be 10 periods of work daily from Monday to Friday. The duration of a period was 40 minutes. Hence, the school started  at 8.45 AM and closed at 4.20 PM with half an hour lunch period at 12.30 PM. Saturday was half day.

The school year will be 37 weeks duration. The school year will agree with college year.

From classes VI to VIII the school imparted to its students general education which comprises three Languages, Mathematics, Social Studies, General Science, Health and Physical Education (H.P.E.R) and Crafts.

In class VIII (delta class) each student has to go through an exploratory course lasting for 12 weeks to identify his latent faculty. In class IX onwards, apart from the core subjects, a student has to offer one of the streams (humanities, science or commerce) in which he is considered to do his best.

Co-curricular activities formed an integral part of education and regular periods are provided in the time table. The program comprised of Physical education, science clubs, mathematics club, social study club, film club, N.C.C., Debate and other literary activities, Music and Fine Arts.

Students get three to five periods for independent study and engage themselves in reading silently and enriching their knowledge. A teacher always accompanied them to the library to maintain silence and help students getting reference Books.

The D.M.School library has a good collection of books. It has a collection of about 30,000 books. The school library holds a large number of reference books, journals, dailies (both Odia and English) and about 20 periodicals. Every class has a library period once a week. The librarians issue books to students for a specific period of time. There are five laboratories in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Computer Science and Geography. These are the best science laboratories in the capital city well furnished by U.S.A.

There are separate workshops for S.U.P.W. classes in Commerce, Agriculture, Home Science and Fine Arts. Workshops of welding, machine, wood crafts and electronics are designed and well furnished by various educational aids from U.S.A. Dr. Boucher was the American consultant at that time advising the college administration on academic activities.

There were separate rooms for music, N.C.C., sports, counselling and guidance. A spacious room was set apart for staff common room.

The 309 Army wing N.C.C. Troop was established on 1st January 1966 with one second officer and hundred cadets. Mr. P.N.Mishra became Chief Officer subsequently after clearing the examinations. A girls Army wing N.C.C. was established later. Miss Sarala Jena became Officer I/C. In 1997-98 a senior division N.C.C. was established for +2 students. Mr. J.K. Choudhury became Officer I/C. Both boys and girls N.C.C. Troops received best contingent shields on Republic day parade.

While entering D.M.School compound one’s eyes are met with the lovely spectacle of lush green lawns and a line of fruit trees with their foliage cooling the classes and a line of Eucalyptus trees bordering the compound walls.

R.I.E has a big campus where all the facilities are available for staff and students of the school. The R.I.E. dispensary has a doctor, a nurse and a pharmacist to check the health and provide treatment whenever necessary. There is a branch post office and R.C.E campus branch of S.B.I. for all sorts of transactions. The college canteen provides tiffin and meals. The D.M.School students used to take mid-day meals paying monthly fees of Rs.15/- only. They were accompanied by a teacher to keep discipline inside the canteen.

Two big buses were provided by R.I.E for smooth conveyance of students, to and fro. The buses were plied in Khandagiri route and Old town route alternatively. There were two trips for each bus. A teacher accompanied the students in each bus. The buses were coloured so nicely that one could recognize the school bus from a distance.

There is a big play ground in the school compound. There is basket ball, Volley ball and Throw ball courts. Students also play country games like Kabadi (boys) and Khokho (girls).

Internship programs of B.Ed students of R.I.E. carried on in D.M.School. The Interns (Student Teachers) come every year. The co-operating teachers of D.M.School supervise the lessons delivered by student teachers and record their comments in lesson plans for their further improvement.

School Exchange Program (S.E.P.) is a UNESCO Project, for improving co-ordination and communication, for undertaking activities for international understanding, co-operation and peace. Teachers and students of D.M.School BBSR visited Norway and in turn the students and teachers of Norway visited our school.

School Sahodaya Complex is a collaboration of C.B.S.E. affiliated schools. D.M.School took an active role in participating in workshops etc. organised by this forum.

D.M.School, Bhubaneswar in 1964 had selected unique uniform for students. It was khaki shorts and white shirts for boys and maroon skirts for girls. No school in Bhubaneswar had such uniform. Gradually a number of schools imitated this uniform. As a result, perhaps, the school administration changed this uniform after half a century.

D.M.School, BBSR is a poor man’s Public School. It charges no fees upto Class VIII. From Classes IX to XII it collects minimal fees which is a meager amount compared to other public schools.

There were following significant changes in the structure of D.M.School described chronologically.

In the academic session 1965-66 Class-V was added to the school. Students were admitted after an entrance test. There were no mention of courses of study for Class-V – in D.M.S – Plan and courses of study. Mr. G.S.Amar, who joined the school on 23.7.1965 requested Dr. G.S.Hati and Mr. G.N.Dash to collect syllabus of local St.Joseph convent and Stewart school to frame a course of study for Class-V. It was duly complied.

The guidance cell was to be manned by a qualified Guidance Counselor. Since there were no counselor at that time the Headmaster requested Mr. G.N.Dash to help maintaining the cumulative records. Mr. Dash, in turn, requested the class teachers to let the cumulative records be filled up by the parents of the existing students and parents of new students be advised to do the same during admission of their wards. All the cumulative records were preserved till Miss Usha Jain joined as the counselor of D.M.School. Miss Jain was succeeded by Miss Tapati Dutta, Prof. K.B.Rath and Dr. M.C.Samal who is counselor at present.

The second major change was introduced in the session 1970-71. The school switched over to All India Higher Secondary Examination in Class IX. It was modeled along the pattern of Central Schools (K.V.S.)

The advantage of the new system was period of work changed from 10 to 8 periods. The duration of afternoon periods became 35 minutes. The designation of Gr.I and Gr.II teachers changed to P.G.T and T.G.T. respectively. The disadvantage was vacations and holidays were curtailed.

Hither to the students appeared in D.M.Higher Secondary School Examination. In 1972-73 D.M.School students had appeared at the All India Higher Secondary School Certificate Examination. In 1973-74 Craft education as a segment of liberal education was provided. Work experience was introduced for the first time for the students of Classes V to VIII. Work Experience viewed as purposive and meaningful manual work organised as an integrated part of learning process and resulting in either goods or services useful to the community was considered an essential component in all stages of education.

The craft teachers (instructors) were re-designated as Work Experience Craft Teachers (W.E.C.T). The students produced utility goods such as heater, table lamps, battery eliminators, water buckets, mugs, school boxes, hangers, racks, pointers for teachers, batic prints etc. These goods produced by the students as a part of their practical activities were sold to members of staff of the school and college or preserved for displaying in exhibitions organised by the school.

  1. The Education Commission chaired by Dr. D.S.Kothari was constituted in 1966. It recommended 10+2+3 pattern of Education. The government accepted the report in 1968. The National Policy of Education (N.P.E.) was adopted for the first time since independence.

Work experience introduced for first 10 years of schooling was divided into 3 stages.

  1. Primary – from classes I to V
  2. Middle – from Classes VI to VIII
  • Secondary – Classes IX and X.

Vocational courses introduced in higher secondary stage. Each stage of education has two major aspects. (a) Terminal – for those who want to enter into the field of work and (b) continued – for those who want to go for higher studies in under graduate colleges or professional courses.

Three language formula will be adhered to. There will be no ‘pass’ or ‘fail’. Evaluation would be on the grade and credit basis.

Subject wise achievement will be graded in a 7 point scale.

Plus two (+2) stage offers mainly two streams – academic and vocational. +2 stage provides facilities for college preparatory class or terminal class as the case may be.

Hence, the third major change took place in 1975-76. +2 pattern in the school was introduced since July 1975. First batch of students in Class IX appeared in AISSE held in March-April 1977. Last batch of Class XI of the old pattern had also appeared in All India Higher Secondary Education along with Class X students. In 1977-78 the school admitted 60 students in class XI, the first year of +2 pattern. They appeared AISSCE in 1979.

The fourth major change took place in 1976-77. R.C.E Campus Primary School started functioning as an English medium school in 1967. With due permission of NCERT the primary school was merged with D.M.School in 1976-77. A new building for primary section close to main school building was constructed and the primary section was shifted to their own building.

Plus two vocational stream was started since 1984. There were two subjects to be taught in vocational stream. They were:

  1. Structure of Fabrication Technology and
  2. Basic Electronic Technology

2 years National Diploma Course in commerce similar to vocational course was also introduced. There were 18 candidates. Among them one being placed in the 1st division.

1988.  For the first time Mrs S.Das was appointed as Assistant Headmistress in 1988. She was followed by Mrs. Aruna Chakravorty.

2005.  As per recommendation of Nehru Curriculum Frame work (2005) Peace Education was introduced in the school.

2009.  The year 2009-10 will be viewed as a year of revolution in the field of education in general and in the field of school education in particular; as continuous and comprehensive Education (C.C.E) scheme was introduced in C.B.S.E. Schools. C.C.E is a panacea in true sense which helps in de-stressing the students, to make the process of learning enjoyable and recognize the inherent potentials of the students.

All the stakeholders need to align themselves accordingly and make C.C.E happen in the right spirit rather than treating it merely as an alternate to Term end Evaluation system.

To narrate a full picture of D.M.School, BBSR I have to mention some important features of the school.

There is huge rush and heavy demand for admission in D.M.School, BBSR. Its glamour will remain forever. Admission in pre-primary (K.G.) and Class I is done by random selection (lottery). 20 students are selected for pre-primary and 50 students were selected for Class-I. Besides this, 35 students were selected for ClassVI as part of its Odia section on the basis of written test following reservation provisions.

In 1965 entrance examination was held for Class V. Students who were promoted from Class V of Odia medium schools were selected to repeat Class V in D.M.School. Parents did not mind loss of one year of their wards.

Class X pass out D.M.School students were given priority for admission in Class XI on the basis of merit.

In 1967-68 the school had 527 students on its roll out of which 432 were boys and 95 were girls. In 1993-94 there were 1395 students (maximum students up to now) including 465 girls. It is because a new section of science was added in Class XI. In 2017 there are 930 students including 387 girls.

The D.M.School faculty is selected on an All India basis. They are highly qualified and experienced. In 1967-68 there were 49 teachers. In 2000-2001 there were 77 teachers including 24 ladies (maximum number of teaching staff up to now).

In early years the teacher-student ratio was 1:10 and later it was 1:15.

From 1964 D.M.School, BBSR conducted three examinations every year. They are 1st Terminal, 2nd Terminal and Annual Examinations. The Class teacher maintains Internal assessment register and issue progress report to students regularly.

Besides there were monthly tests. In other schools they conducted only two examinations.

The D.M.School conducted Part I, (Class IX) Part II (Class X) and Part III (Class XI) Board Examinations. The class XI pass out D.M.School students were equal to Pre-University pass out in undergraduate colleges. D.M.Higher Secondary Examination of CBSE was conducted solely for D.M.Schools. after it switched over to K.V.S. pattern it conducted All India Higher Secondary School Certificate Examination under the Board’s supervision. After 10+2 pattern the CBSE conducts two separate examination; after the end of Class X AISSE and at the end of Class XII AISSCE.

The school magazine “Udayashree” was first published in 1967-68. A school Bulletin “Jijnasa” was published during 1996-2000 under the guidance of the then Headmaster Mr. R.C.Mohapatra. In 1971-72 some class magazines were appeared like “Abhyudaya” for Class XI, “Manjusha” for          Class X A and “Sarita”  for Class X B on behalf of “Sahitya Sansad”. Mr. K.M.satpathy was adviser of “Sahitya Sansad”. A handwritten magazine of the “Peace Club” was released during the present Head master Mr. Akhileswar Mishra.

­­­In 1964-65 on working days the school started with Morning Assembly. The staff and students would stand in a line in the school corridor, right in front of the library to the foyer in front of the school. The students will sing “sarbeshan janani ………….” written in sanskrit by the famous Odia Poet Radhanath Roy. Afterwards the morning Assembly was held in the quadrangular open space inside the school. A cement platform was erected, where Headmaster and staff would stand and the teachers in rotation would speak the “thought of the day” and a student would read ‘the news of the day’. The students would stand classwise and sing national anthem.

As provided in D.M.School Plan and courses of study all members of the teaching staff shall be members of staff council. The Headmaster shall be the Chairman, Ex-officio; of the Council. The Secretary of the Council shall be elected by staff members. All meetings of the council shall be called by the Secretary in conference with the Headmaster. The Council shall limit its activities to matters concerned with academic policy and issues. It will serve (a) as a means of communication between the staff and the school administration and (b) for reviewing and advising on such policy matters as may be referred to it from time to time.

Mr. S.L.Mohan Rao, Mr. G.N.Dash and Dr. N Bharati were elected as Secretary, Staff Council in several terms till 2000 A.D.

D.M.School Teachers’ Association was formed in 1970. It had 52 members at that time. It ventilated the grievances of its members to higher authorities and was determined to bring all round development of the school. Dr. R.N.Dixit, Mr. N.Mishra, Mr. R.C.Mohapatra, Mr.G.N.Dash, Mr. K.C.Mohapatra, Dr. L.K.Bhopa, Mr. R.C.Binakar and Mr. S.G.Rao were elected as President and Secretary of the Association several times till 2000 A.D.

D.M.School, Bhubaneswar is not a Residential School. But there was a hostel for D.M.School students in a state government flat hired by R.I.E for few years. Mr. J. Panigrahi was the warden of that hostel.

I would like to mention the names of some Headmasters I/C when permanent Headmaster was not there. From college faculty Dr. G.B.Kanungo, Dr.P.S.Rao, Dr.J.N.Bajpai, Mr.P.K.Mohanty and Dr. R.N.Dixit acted as Headmaster I/C for sometime. Assistant Headmistress Mrs. S.Das, Mrs. A.Chakravorty and Miss Sarala Jena became Headmistress I/C. Mr. S.N.Sharma was the Headmaster before the present Headmaster joined the post.

Dr. R.N.Pani; who joined the school as Headmaster on 17.8.1967 had introduced the House system. The Houses were : (1) The House of Power, (2) The House of Peace, (3) The House of Progress, (4) The House of Prosperity and (5) The House of Perfection. There were intramural competitions between the Houses.

During his period exhibitions were organised in the departments of English, Guidance, Social Studies, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Technology, Commerce, H.P.E.R, N.C.C, Home Science and Library.

There were  “Humanities Circle” and “Commerce Circle” at that time.

During present Headmaster the school conducted exhibitions of various clubs as a part of C.C.E. in February 2010 where 12 clubs, namely (1) Peace Club, (2) Disaster management club, (3) First aid club, (4) Hygiene club, (5) Eco club, (6) Mathematics club, (7) Chemistry club, (8) Physics club, (9) Biology club, (10) Carpentry club, (11) Ampi theatre club and (12) Music club participated.

NCERT felt that for greater co-ordination between four D.M.Schools some kind of forum should be there. This feeling took a concrete shape in the early 80’s when the NCERT conceived the idea of INDEM to be held in rotation in these schools. The 1st meet of INDEM was held in 1982 in D.M.S. Mysuru. The 2nd meet was held in 1985 in D.M.S. Bhubaneswar.

Besides practical activities in Technology Dept, the other dept. like Agriculture and commerce carried on certain activities.

Agriculture dept. under work experience facilitated for field work in vegetable & flower culture. They collected seeds and preserved it in bottles. In commerce department Typewriting was introduced as work experience.

The NCERT in pursuance of its objective of revitalizing secondary education permits and affords plenty of opportunities for its staff for professional growth and for widening its mental horizon.

Members of staff attended summer institutes, workshops, seminars, orientation program of various kinds. They had also attended workshops for revision of NCERT text books.

Every year our students receive National Talent Search (N.T.S) scholarships. They receive awards for National Science Talent search, National Maths Olympiad, Science Olympiad, Regional mathematical Olympiad, National cyber Olympiad etc.

There is no scope for describing students activities and their scholarships, prizes etc., or that of  in-service training and awards received by Headmaster and all members of staff in this write up. A separate article on these two aspects can be written in future.

But I have to write a few words about D.M.S Alumni. D.M.School, Bhubaneswar had glorious and historic achievements producing students of rich calibre. Many successful students spread on all across the world are excelling in their respective fields. They are placed in various high capacities in life. Most of the D.M.School students are working in reputed positions such as I.A.S, I.P.S., I.R.S., Architects, Scientists, Doctors, Engineers, Chartered Accountants, Officers in Army, Navy and Air Wings, Journalists, Industrialists, Social Activists, Versatile Artists, Cricketers and Business tycoons.

Though the school was only seven years old in 1971 the Ex-students Association of the school had come into being in the name of “D.M.S.Alumni”. Dr. R.N.Pani was Headmaster at that time. It came into effect on the very day Prof. P.D.Sharma assumed the office as Principal, R.C.E.

It is a matter of happiness to note that this body had taken interest in conducting a test in General Knowledge for the students of the school and contributed a rolling cup which is being awarded in the Annual Function of 1970-71. They have contributed a rolling shield in memory of late Mr. S.A.Hanan, H.P.E.R. teacher. D.M.S. Alumni had organised cricket match and foot ball match when Mrs. S.Y.Vidyarthi was HeadMistress. They are in touch with their alma mater since long. They provided aquaguard water for students and staff.

For last 5 years, before the celebration of golden jubilee the activities of  D.M.S. Alumni gathered momentum and a series of activities marked the active interest taken by Ex-students. The Silver Jubilee was celebrated by Headmistress and staff in 1989, but golden jubilee was organised solely by D.M.S. Alumni in 2014.

They arranged blood donation camp, health camps, sharbat distribution camp, plantation and children park for primary students. They intend to create ‘corpus’ of Rs 10 lakhs for needy students on behalf of D.M.S.Alumni. Mr. Dharmendra Pradhan Union Minister, laid the foundation stone to construct an auditorium for the school.

D.M.School, Bhubaneswar is well administered by successive Headmasters right from Mr. G.S.Amar to Akhileswar Mishra. The Principals of R.I.E. right from Dr. J.N.Kaul to Prof. P.C. Agarwal extended their ungrudging help and guidance in every sphere of activities of the school.

I wish D.M.School, Bhubaneswar along with D.M.S.Alumni to grow from strength to strength.

Rumi’s ‘Giggling’ Cream Cracker Truffles


10-12 cream crackers, butter, peanut butter, cashews, chocolate/chocolate sauce

How to make

1. Take 10-12 cream crackers and blend in a grinder

crackertruffle.jpeg         crackergrind.jpeg

2. Add butter & peanut butter to the ground crackers


3. Make balls stuffed with cashew



4. Freeze the balls for 15-20 minutes

5. Melt chocolate with butter


6. Coat truffles with chocolate sauce



7. Freeze them again for 20 minutes


8. Garnish and serve (if anyone wants to add sugar, can add brown sugar)

crackerserve1  crackergarnish2



Rumi’s Royal Falooda


Falooda mix or home made simoyee (vermicelli), custard, variety of syrups and frozen fruit crushes (strawberry/blueberry), tutee fruity, dry fruits, fresh fruits as per choice, ice-cream, crushed chocolate, sabzza/soaked basil seeds

How to make

Take a glass/tumbler, coat the inside with the syrups and put the syrups into it. Pour fruits, then layer with falooda, then custard, then sabzza, fruits, tuttee fruity, dry fruits, in that order…repeat the layers. Top the glass with ice-cream, crushed chocolate, strawberry/blueberry crush, grated chocolate.

Serve chilled.




25 Years – Back to School

Journey back to school

Yes it has been a long time since we said goodbye to our school, precisely 25 years and 5 months…..we spent 10 to 12 years of togetherness, cared for each other, fought over silly reasons….made groups, the studious ones and the naughty ones. Days passed by and we grew into adults , studied hard further to find some occupation that could give us not only an identity but feed our stomach…. And then we grew to shoulder the responsibility of a family…..and it didn’t stop there. From two we moved to three, four and so on….. And when we see our kids today we still think nothing can be a better life than that of school days…no targets, no KPI’s, no bossism, no stress, no high lipids and no sugar or high blood pressure levels….. Time has rewound itself again. We would be uniting again with our kids in the same premises where once upon a time we entered as kids. Looking forward to knit together our bygone memories and unwind said and unsaid stories, thoughts and mischief we had 25 years back….. chalo phir school chalein…….


Dadu & Vikram’s banter…

Dadu (Sudeep’s) banters with Vikram, outdoing each other in praising the other were bloody hilarious. If I were to produce a talk show, I would feature these two guys. Here’s a sample-

Dadu: Vikram tu ta Maggie quiz re participate kariki masoor school re and blah blah …

Vikram: Haan moon ta Masoor au tu Harada. Sabu audience prize ta tu jitilu…

As a newbee, I was wondering, are they friends fighting or praising each other?!!